GIVE ME A HUG!

 HUG Energy System

HUG (Helical Unique Generation): a new alternate source of hydroelectric energy without a dam. HUG Energy is a New Good, which has never been seen before; it substantially deviates from any other good or service produced before. Over the past decades, no major breakthroughs have occurred in the basic machinery of utilities.

It’s no secret that hydroelectricity sits near the top of the renewable energy list. But hydro invariably conjures images of soaring concrete dams, rerouted rivers and flooding, environmental damage and displaced people. Not to mention the stiff price tag that comes with such an immense engineering project. These large schemes using dams having long lead-times between investment and profit, which can be over 10 years. It can also use up to 2.2 million cubic meters of concrete.

Presently no new patents exist to capture energy from small waterfalls or fast rapids without extensive use of a dam, which in itself, limits fish migration. HUG Energy produces high energy from a hydroelectric turbine system, which in turn, generates a higher return of investment.

The objectives and expected outcomes

Standardized prefabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG Energy power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered. In the case of wider bodies of water, several HUG Energy systems could be placed next to each other or behind each other – also at different points in time, as determined by demand and available financing.

This development is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of turbines can be installed with only a short period between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow.  It is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.

The inventor estimate that the HUG Energy power plant pathway will reduce costs of construction conservatively by over 75 percent initially compared to conventional dams of the same power.

Large hydro power plants have considerable impact on environmental and social economic aspects to our hydro electric crises. They are not the answer.  Small hydro like the HUG Energy is the answer!

This HUG Energy is particularly suitable for hydro applications where strong water currents develop, but also for generating power on rivers, tides, run-of-river, waterfalls and  rapids of small grades where high dams are not applicable or are too expensive. 

The Rapids HUG Energy

The submerged HUG  Energy is shaped like a torpedo. The entrance of the HUG Energy System is protected against large debris by a large grid screen, which faces the current. This system allows for fish migration, unlike dams. In studies designed to observe fish movement in relation to a helical turbine: none of the fish were chopped up; some were sent twisting through the system unharmed.

 HUG Energy System

Energy can be captured from a set of rapids.  A set of floats keeps the powerhouse barge above, which houses the electrical systems and is positioned over the HUG Energy network.  A large opening in the anchored barge allows access to the HUG Energy for maintenance purposes. 

A HUG Energy in a stream can use natural obstacles like small islands with the addition of energy bodies, which are also used in River HUG Energy to constrict the flow toward the turbines.

Contrast this approach with the 15 year plan for a Grand Inga Hydro Electric Dam on the Congo River, which is being considered for an estimated $50 billion. The inexpensive Rapids HUG Energy is modular and easy to install: full production could begin in less than 18 months without any environmental impact. The combination of a multitude of HUG Energy will equal the power of this expensive dam.

The  River HUG

One of the main differences between the Rapids HUG Energy and the River HUG Energy is the use of an “energy body”, which serves to speed up the velocity of the flow as it enters into the HUG Energy.  We place the entrance of four rows of a HUG Energy column in line with the concentrated flow caused by a bridge pylon mounted (preferred) or cable suspended (where needed). The flow directly in front of this entry is almost double the velocity of the affluent flow of the river.

The Run-of-River HUG

Run of River HUG Energy System

Most Run-of-River hydro works use the form of a large dimension straight pipe.  The flow creates friction along the inside of the pipeline.  The flow becomes turbulent and the current partially blocks itself, which results in less kinetic energy.

This Run-of-River HUG  Energy makes use of vortex or twist-flows, which are twisting in a laminar flow inside a spiraling pipeline at higher speed. The resulting energy, which this current ‘generates’, can be seen in any tornado, flowing at 4 to 5 times the normal velocity.  The kinetic energy increases geometrically as a function of the velocity to the power of three, as shown by the formula below.

The Waterfall HUG  Energy

HUG Waterfall Energy System

This HUG Energy is shaped like a tornado and is used in a waterfall.  Electricity is created by a helical turbine at the bottom of this funnel-shaped HUG  Energy, which activates an electric generator to provide a standard AC current.  The steady  flow of water keeps the same full level of the funnel, thereby guaranteeing a steady pressure on the helical turbine, which provides a steady rotation to the generator,  in order to provide an unchanging AC current acceptable to the electrical grid. No expensive electrical  converter is required because the generator is specifically wired for a specific  stable rotation.

The Ocean HUG  Energy

HUG Waterfall Energy System

One major problem with most underwater turbines is that they require the current to be moving very fast. Six knots or about 3.1 m/sec  (6.9 mph), is the threshold for economic viability, according to the 2006 EPRI report North America Tidal In-stream Energy Conversion Technology Feasibility Study. This is the major reason why presently there is no commercial application, which captures energy from an ocean current , such as that found in the Gulf Stream outside Miami. The current there is under 2.5 m/sec.

The solution to address this threshold is to allow the water to flow at its natural mode, along a planned vortex path in a laminar flow, which produces little friction. This phenomenon was estimated to produce 5 – 6 times more power for a given water flow than with a conventionally designed turbine

This is in contrast to other tidal or ocean current motors, which acts more as a problem by becoming an  obstruction to the flow of the stream: this turbine becomes an obstacle resulted in a build-up of positive pressure upstream of the motor. As a consequence,  part of the current flows around the motor instead. Using an entirely different approach, the HUG Energy experiences a negative pressure, which produces a suction action.

The HUG Energy is submerged sufficiently below the surface to avoid the detrimental effects of storms and wave action at the 10 to 15 m depth level, where the turbulence levels are relatively low. Each of the Ocean HUG Energy systems are service above the ocean by a floating barge, which can retrieve any separate HUG Energy at anytime. A semi-submersible system has building sections consist of vertical column and longitudinal beams and cross beams. All of these elements use hermetically sealed large diameter pipes, which provide additional buoyancy to the submerged platform. The vertical columns protrude through the water level and thus provide this semi submersible platform the required stability in order to add a maintenance crane over a central opening of this floating barge.

In one system, the Power of 25 Ocean HUG  Energy Systems x .3 MW/ Turbine = 7.5 MW. Multiply this figure by a hundred Ocean HUG Energy Systems in order to realize its potential. 

The Sweeping Area of a turbine= 3.8 m2  

Velocity = (15 knots) 7.72 m/s with efficiency of 35%.                     

= 1/2 x Area x (Velocity of the flow)3 x 35% Efficiency

= .5 x 3.8 x (7.72 m/s) 3 x.35 = 300 kW/turbine.

What is the impact of this discovery?  The HUG Energy eliminates the initial cost of dam construction and reduces the environmental and ecological complications of dams. The velocity of the water in the turbine will continue to flow four times faster unabated because of the almost frictionless environment. This higher velocity increases the kinetic energy dramatically.

MORE DETAILS:  

AFRICA HYDRO & IRRIGATION:

WATER TRANSFER & IRRIGATION: Mountain Water Transfer: the Secret to Longer Life

Agroforestry could help solve Climate Change.

 HELPING SOLVE WORLD’S CARBON POLLUTION

New Trees are the only solution to soaking up Carbon Dioxide:

Tree Growth HUG Energy System

A Full Scale Aquaponic Tree Nursery in Africa supported by:

  1. A Micro Hydro Electric System: no dams: HugENERGY.us
  2. An Irrigation System: NORTHydro.com
  3. HUG  Energy: AfriCAPITALISM.us
  4. An Agroforestry Intercrop System: Living Water Micro Finance
  5. The Charitable Arm: SunnyUp.net
  6. God’s Loveletters:  Godloveletters.com
  7. Thunder of Justice: ThunderofJustice.com

Africa Living Water Micro Finance

Living Water Micro Finance in Africa  is available from LIVING WATER MICRO FINANCE Inc., a non-profit corporation. Farmers can borrow small sums of money for seed and land rental on a short term basis. 

African children and women farmers Micro Finance Africa
African children and women farmers

Africa Micro Finance

Let us look at the human side of  Low Interest Micro Finance :

“I got a loan from a Micro Finance company and planted mango grafts. It was difficult in the beginning because there was no income from the trees [during the first five years], and still I had to work very hard. I had to water and care for the trees and also work as a daily laborer whenever work was available. But when the mangoes began to bear, I had income every year. I could repay my loan easily. Then I was able to dig a well, and now I have water year round. Now that I have water I can run my own farm.

God has much to do; He is very busy running the universe. He does not need to take care of my farm anymore. Now I do that myself.”

 Farmers in Africa: Micro Finance
Farmers in Africa: Micro Finance

Tom’s life transformed by micro-loan in Uganda Continue reading Africa Living Water Micro Finance

AFRICAN MECHANIZATION RENEWAL

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It is the time for a new look at agricultural mechanization in Africa. A paradigm shift is required:  from one of poverty alleviation to investment for economic growth, in which the focus is on sustainable economic growth.

On average, 700-1,850 tractors are used per 1,000 farmers in Europe and Northern America, exceptionally low levels of mechanization persist in many developing countries: a mere 5 tractors are in operation per 1,000 farmers in Africa. 

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Compare 5 tractors with 1,500 to 1,800 tractors per 1000 farmers

The total number of working tractors would have to be about 3.5 million (7 times more) to put Africa on a par with other regions. Agricultural would have to expand by a factor of about ten to approximately 400 000 tractors per year. Such a growth in tractor sales cannot be achieved immediately but could be in, say, 10 or 12 years. This would require urgent action to stimulate the market to attain sales of the order of 100 000 units per year within two or three years. As a comparison, tractor sales in India in 2005–06 were 264,790 units.

There has been a massive devaluation of many African currencies. This leads to very high cost of agricultural machinery which leads to reduced imports of machinery in Africa.

An illustrative quote (from FAO & UNIDO, 2008) helpfully summarizes the way forward: ‘If agricultural mechanization efforts are to succeed in Africa, there is an urgent need for all concerned, be they farmers, supporters, planners or policy makers,to understand and contribute to agricultural mechanization efforts across the entire farming system and with a value chain perspective’.

FAO & UNIDO must know and support our project. Please send a link of this to them… http://livingwatermicrofinance.org/?p=1242

How can African prosperity get started?

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Over 60% of farm power is still provided by people’s muscles, mostly from women, the elderly and children. Affordability of mechanization is often beyond the reach of the small holder family. You can make a difference in so many lives.

 Decades of counter-terrorism teaches that the best bulwarks against extremism are states that are prosperous and just. With your support, the middle class will band with the underclass to bring about regime changes.

You can help by expanding access to rich-world markets for African goods, particularly in agriculture and the opportunities for other African industry would also expand.

How does the world approach climate change? Unfathomable amounts of carbon emissions can be soaked up by trees? Your support will assist us in developing Today’s Tall Tree Nurseries in Africa.

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A young African will move to the city if all he can earn is $10/day. This same African will return to the land because mechanization has changed the whole picture: the farms can now be more productive. Your support will take the pressure off African urbanization, which usually ends in abject poverty or crime in the city.

Designing an Agricultural Mechanization Strategy                                        

Continue reading AFRICAN MECHANIZATION RENEWAL

BILLIONS OF TREES

      0changehandsBut Only in the Tropics

 Tropical trees cool earth most effectively. NASA estimates that there are currently 400 billion trees globally. Every newly planted tree seedling in the tropics removes an average of 50 kilograms of CO2 from the atmosphere each year during its growth period of 20–50 years, compared with 13 kilograms of CO2 per year for a tree in the temperate regions. Remember that tropical trees work 12 months of the year sequestering carbon because there is no dormant winter season. We need more Billions of Trees .

The addition of just 7 billion trees (one for every person on Earth) would therefore give us a further 16 years of safe climate at our current rate of emissions. During this time one would hope we will be able to increase renewable energy use, energy efficiency etc so as to reduce our current emissions to sustainable levels.

An average of $6 billion per year plus $1 billion for incentives for ten years could pay for the reforestation program. The total cost of $7 billion per year for ten years is about 1% of the world’s total annual military expenditures.

Most tropical hardwoods grow to maturity quickly (10 to 20 years) Compare a 5 year old tropical tree to a five year old northern counterpart, and you can easily see the difference in size: half of wood weight is carbon

Tropical trees take up water from rainfall and evaporate it through their leaves, and create cloud cover. These clouds reflect even more sunlight than grasslands or bare earth, thus cooling the earth more. By contrast, trees in snowy places like Canada, Scandinavia and Siberia absorb sunlight that would otherwise be reflected back to space by the bright white snow.  But in the tropics forests helped cool the planet by an average of 0.7C, according to one study.

Forests act as a carbon sink by taking carbon dioxide out of atmosphere, but the more the climate is warming, the slower the trees are growing, the less carbon they suck up. These acclimated trees release far less CO2 at night, which are trees suddenly exposed to hot temperatures.  This hints that future CO2 emissions from Northern Hemisphere forests won’t be as large as scientists thought, even though they would still be on the rise.

It seems like simple arithmetic: a tree can absorb up to a ton of carbon dioxide over its lifetime (25 years), so planting one should be an easy way to mitigate climate change.

Over time they deplete their resources and are much more susceptible to additional stressors, such as damage by fire or a big drought or insect outbreaks.

The Perfect Storm

When escalating global warming crosses one or more of the important climate tipping points you create the perfect storm of perfect storms: irreversible global warming. This will destabilize the global; it will then destabilize the global political landscape of functioning nations. As the climate, the global economy, and the political landscape of functioning nations destabilize, it will soon destabilize all of the normal social aspects of our individual lives, businesses, and organizations.

carbon cost8 Continue reading BILLIONS OF TREES

AFRICAN RENEWED PRODUCTIVITY

Boosting Africa’s agricultural productivity is the “combined responsibility” of both Africans and their development partner, Living Water Is Corporation.

Organic Certification

Organic certification is a certification process for producers of organic food and other organic agricultural products. In general, any business directly involved in food production can be certified, including seed suppliers and farmers.certified_naturally_grown

Requirements vary from country to country, and generally involve a set of production standards for growing, storage, processing, packaging and shipping that include:

  • No human sewage sludge fertilizer used in cultivation of plants or feed of animals
  • Avoidance of synthetic chemical inputs not on the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances (e.g. fertilizer, pesticides, antibiotics, food additives, etc.), genetically modified organisms, irradiation, and the use of sewage sludge;
  • Use of farmland that has been free from prohibited synthetic chemicals for a number of years (often, three or more); In Europe, the total available land is only 4%.
  • Keeping detailed written production & sales records (audit trail);
  • Maintaining strict physical separation of organic products from non-certified products;
  • Undergoing periodic on-site inspections.

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Regulatory Certification is a potential barrier to entry for small African producers, by burdening them with increased costs, paperwork, and bureaucracy. The private farmer-to-farmer association, Certified Naturally Grown, offers a “non-profit alternative eco-labeling program for small farms that grow using USDA (Department of Agriculture) Organic methods but are not a part of the USDA Certified Organic program.”
The program is operated in the United States by a non-profit corporation, Certified Naturally Grown Ltd. Certified Naturally Grown standards are based on the USDA National Organic Program standards. Farmers are not normally permitted to use the word “organic” to describe their products.

Vertical Integration

We will provide the quality control necessary to assure our produce meets with “organic” regulations.

We will manage 21 heavy duty cargo tricycles. These cargo tricycles will be used to move heat sensitive cash crops including fish all along the 120 km distance to a major city center within several hours. Our waiting refrigerated container truck will travel to a major port city. Alternatively this produce will be held in our cold storage facility.certified_naturally_grown3-tricycle

The Storage Facility

Continue reading AFRICAN RENEWED PRODUCTIVITY

Living Water Investment Plan

Living Water is Corporation  proposed to set up a new Investment Plan to encourage investment in Africa.

The Missing Middle

While micro finance has succeeded in providing access to capital for people at the base of the pyramid, most micro finance lenders are capitalized to take an entrepreneur only so far. 

The vast majority of entrepreneurs served by micro finance loans still lack the ability to scale their business, add real value in the supply chain, and steadily increase their profitability.

The Living Water Investment Plan is the second phase, which will be introduced after the installation of our Living Water MicroFinance Inc.

Our Living Water Investment Plan is where entrepreneurs can organize, analyze, optimize, and share a customized business plan with investors and business mentors. 

The business mentors from Next6 helps guide an assessment of the business’s strengths and weaknesses, a comparison of business to industry peers and an estimate of the business valuation.

Living Water Is Corporation will guarantee a 10% return on investments in the first year. Our Opportunity Snapshot develops a fund raising campaign to tell a story and get the word out.

The entrepreneur may be asked to invest as little as 5% to10% of the investment required. The entrepreneur’s business information is confidential and secure.  The only parties which will see your business information are the parties with which he or she choose to share, i.e. investors.

The Big Question is how much of an investment are we talking about? The answer is related to the selling of a profitable reasonable concise business plan on our Opportunity Snapshot. As to the amount, you can only go so many times to the well, so we are forced to limit ourselves to unique business ideas, which are scalable and difficult to copy. If it doesn’t fill and need, it won’t go anywhere.

A very common way to pitch an idea on line is to make a video. Videos make it easy, on a human level, to get familiar with the people behind the idea or cause, and they are far easier to digest than reading through a Power Point presentation.

* Beware of Foreign Funding of any international “firm” which requires a “fee” to be sent in advance through a wire transfer to a foreign bank (Nigerian 419 Scam).

 

 

Living Water Land Trust

Living Water Is Corporation aims to use innovative long-term  leases to begin a Renewed Africa.

A Hypothetical Case

A Landlord in Africa wishes to donate his 25 acre farm land, which is not presently in use and has a value of $100,000. His trusted nephew in Canada or the United States was glad to accept the deed of this farm land on behalf of his UNCLE. The nephew wishes to support a non-profit company, Living Water MicroFinance Inc..

The Canadian or United States Government is doing its part by recognizing the charitable donation and reducing the nephew’s tax burden by 29%. This $29,000 tax credit was never earned, so the nephew will donate this money to Living Water MicroFinance Inc. for an additional tax credit of $8,400, which he can share with his UNCLE as a surprise gift. Since the nephew has literally done nothing to deserve any income, perhaps it should all go back to the UNCLE.

Living Water MicroFinance Inc. will use this $29,000 to further their mission on this particular piece of land.africa-unfed2

•  The landlord earns a LEGACY: his community will honor him for his generosity. The farm community will be named after him.0patron-wanted Continue reading Living Water Land Trust

Living Water is Micro Finance, Today's Tall Trees, and Mechanization of Africa