Tag Archives: hydroelectric

CARBON EMISSIONS 2

Not Lower Present Carbon Emissions

A carbon tax is a great idea, if we had a government honest enough to implement it properly. We should all be concerned with carbon emissions that will be present in our atmosphere for 200 years. Surveys have found high majorities of economists (more than 80 per cent) also support carbon pricing. Justin Trudeau announced a carbon price for all of Canada, starting at a modest $10/ton of CO2 ($0.025/liter of fuel) in 2018 and rising over five years to $50 ($0.125/liter of fuel). The carbon tax would cost the average family about $1,250- $1,500 a year. So it means that we will be paying more for everything. That’s because almost all goods and services consume fossil fuel energy. This is a form of paying a sin tax for using energy, which may not lower emissions. (The $10/ton is equivalent to $0.09/US gal.)

British Columbia’s revenue-neutral carbon tax on fuel is equivalent to $30 per ton of emissions. In Alberta, a carbon levy will be applied to fuels at a rate of $20 per ton, starting Jan. 1, 2017, increasing to $30 per ton a year later.

Anyone familiar with carbon pricing knows Trudeau’s minimum price, even at $50 per ton, is far too low to significantly cut emissions. If Canada has any chance of meeting its target, which used to be reducing our emissions to 17% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 30% by 2030, he would need to set a carbon price of about $150 per ton, starting immediately.

Some pricing experts like Simon Fraser University’s Mark Jaccard estimated that the floor price should be $30/ton increasing every year until 2030 to $200/ton.  This would be an equivalent of $0.47/liter of gasoline or $1.77/US gal.  (1 liter = .264 US gal). Obviously, there would have to be an offsetting general tax reduction so as not to act as an extra burden to the average tax payer.

The Norwegian carbon taxes started in 1991 and were among the highest in the world ($44 US/ton of CO2). Despite significant price increases for some fuel types (13% for gasoline), the carbon tax effect on emissions was modest (a 16 % reduction in emissions). This implies a high cost of reducing emissions from sources on which the tax is levied.

The real enemy is heat and us.

Continue reading CARBON EMISSIONS 2

GIVE ME A HUG! 2

HUG HYDRO APPLICATIONS

 Based on the Vortex or a physical phenomena of the Spiral:hug-sample
hug lucid helical turbine

HUG (Helical Unique Generation): a new alternate source of hydroelectric energy without a dam. HUG Energy is a New Good, which has never been seen before; it substantially deviates from any other good or service produced before. Over the past decades, no major breakthroughs have occurred in the basic machinery of utilities.

Electricity in Remote Areas created from moving water without the use of a dam.

* HUG is an innovative new patent to create energy from fast moving water without the use of a destructive dam. It relies on the phenomena of the power of the vortex. This power can be easily seen as the water leaves your bathtub. This new energy source can be used to power water pumps for irrigation at a long distance from the fast moving water source.

It’s no secret that hydroelectricity sits near the top of the renewable energy list. But hydro invariably conjures images of soaring concrete dams, rerouted rivers and flooding, environmental damage and displaced people. Not to mention the stiff price tag that comes with such an immense engineering project. These large schemes using dams having long lead-times between investment and profit, which can be over 10 years. It can also use up to 2.2 million cubic meters of concrete.

Presently no new patents exist to capture energy from small waterfalls or fast rapids without extensive use of a dam, which in itself, limits fish migration. HUG Energy produces high energy from a hydroelectric turbine system, which in turn, generates a higher return of investment.

The objectives and expected outcomes

Standardized prefabricated modules should make it possible to order this new product as a “power plant kit” just like ordering from a catalog. The HUG Energy power plant uses standardized parts, so no custom engineering is necessary. A one-size-fits-all pathway could be ordered. In the case of wider bodies of water, several HUG Energy systems could be placed next to each other or behind each other – also at different points in time, as determined by demand and available financing.

This development is an exciting breakthrough in green energy. Small batches of turbines can be installed with only a short period between investment in the technology and the time when revenue starts to flow.  It is modular, relatively easy to install and highly scalable.

The inventor estimate that the HUG Energy power plant pathway will reduce costs of construction conservatively by over 75 percent initially compared to conventional dams of the same power. Continue reading GIVE ME A HUG! 2